What If Coral Reefs Disappeared?

What If Coral Reefs Disappeared?
The beautiful turquoise waters of the Caribbean Sea, Pacific Ocean and other oceans have become popular destinations for diving and snorkeling due to the diversity of fish and coral reefs in those areas.

So What Is Coral?

Coral is an organism that may be hard or soft and the coral reefs that we see in the oceans are formed by migratory groups or colonies of small organisms called (Coral polyps) which are a distant relative of the lamp and marine anemones, the hard coral is formed when extracting some of these Coral polyps of calcium from seawater and convert them to external limestone stone shelters, while others convert calcium to internal structures to produce soft corals, and when many colonies of coral polyps converge to create a large habitat we call corals.
Coral reefs not only attract diverse and divers, they also support marine biodiversity in the world and while covering an area of ​​less than 1% of the Earth’s surface it is necessary for more than 500 million people who depend on them for food, work, and recreation with economic returns estimated at about 375 billion dollars American a year.
Therefore, the question, “What if?” It is a scenario that is not very unlikely. The risks surrounding coral and coral reefs that include (climate change, pollution, coastal development, fishing and jewelry making, and souvenirs) are truly occurring. To 8% of all coral reefs, while they were over 50% in the 1970s.

So What If the Reefs Have Completely Died Out?

What If Coral Reefs Disappeared?
Experts expect an increase in the rates of hunger, poverty, and political instability due to the interruption of the livelihoods of whole countries. When the coral dies, the reef will die and erode, and important ground for ovulation and nourishment will be destroyed for marine life. snapper), oysters and clams will thus be negatively affected, and since this marine life is essential in the diet of many peoples, the death of coral reefs will exacerbate the problem of feeding these groups.
The ocean fishing profession occupied by 38 million people around the world will collapse, while the peoples of the Caribbean islands that depend on the returns of tourism and recreation will disappear, and finally the global health will deteriorate throughout the world and not only in the bifurcation areas, as coral is involved in many pharmaceutical industries.
These are some of the results that scientists can predict in the short term and there is much that they cannot predict if coral reefs disappear. The food chain and biodiversity imbalance may lead to additional problems that we cannot fully understand.
There are some measures we can take to help preserve coral reefs, many of which have other environmental benefits such as relying on alternative means of transportation such as walking and cycling, which limits the use of pollutants such as oil and gas, volunteering in beach and reef cleaning organizations and reducing the use of pesticides or chemical fertilizers. That might end up in the ocean.
With a little awareness and commitment to what our consciences dictate to us, we can help preserve coral and biodiversity for the benefit of future generations.

What if dinosaurs were alive today?

what if dinosaurs were alive today?
What if dinosaurs were alive today?
A dinosaur the size of a Labrador retriever walked on Earth about 243 million years ago, suggesting that early reptiles were born much earlier than expected. Scientists who have identified the newly identified species, Nyasasaurus parringtoni, believe it may be the first dinosaur to ever live.

Dinosaurs other than birds lived between 245 and 66 million years ago, at a time known as the Mesozoic Era. It was millions of years before the appearance of the first modern humans, Homo sapiens. Scientists divide the Mesozoic era into three periods: the Triassic, the Jurassic, and the Cretaceous.

While dinosaur bones can survive for millions of years, dinosaur DNA almost surely does not. But there are some scientists continue to search for it – just in case. So it looks like cloning a dinosaur is out of place, but another way to recreate missing animals would be reverse engineering.

Apart from birds, however, there is no scientific evidence that dinosaurs such as Tyrannosaurus, Velociraptor, Apatosaurus, Stegosaurus or Triceratops are still alive. These dinosaurs, along with all other non-avian dinosaurs, died out at least 65 million years ago, at the end of the Cretaceous.

The African T-Rex was one of the last living dinosaurs before extinction. One of the last dinosaurs living in Africa before their extinction, 66 million years ago, was discovered in a phosphate mine in northern Morocco.

Tyrannosaurus Rex lived in the forest valleys of the North American rivers at the end of the Cretaceous. It died out about 65 million years ago during the Cretaceous-Tertiary mass extinction.

So what if dinosaurs were alive today?

Imagine, one day, dinosaurs appear everywhere on Earth. Their fossils, in a museum or on the ground, come to life suddenly.

Predators immediately start feeding on humans. The public ran wildly for his life, while the police failed terribly to repel the dinosaurs.

Finally, the army is called. At the price of several hundred soldiers, all the Velociraptors and Tyrannosaurus Rex of a city are wiped out. Open war breaks out worldwide against dinosaurs.

The UN holds an emergency conference in a very secure fortress in Japan. The reason is that millions of years ago, Japan was underwater, so there were few dinosaurs in Japan and they were easily cleaned.

Humanity is united to fight this terrible enemy, while millions of people are devoured by dinosaurs.

We would establish a society parallel to dinosaurs. Any jungle becomes dangerous because there are now many predators. Walls are being built to keep dinosaurs out, while soldiers are deployed everywhere to resist any threat of dinosaurs.

The sky is now also dangerous, with many wandering winged dinosaurs ready to shoot down the Air Force One. As such, air traffic is extremely limited and heavily monitored.

Maritime traffic? Of course, but there will always be patrol boats to protect the passengers from the gigantic boats.

As for driving in a car? The public is required to carry a firearm at all times, drive on safe roads and take safety precautions.


What happens if animals are extinct?

What happens if animals are extinct?

What happens if animals are extinct?
We are surrounded by endangered species of animals every day, but we do not think about these animals. Does their extinction affect us as human beings or not?

This world is based on a network of complex systems of connections between organisms and their environments, often called the food network, although it involves many factors more than just a diet. Animals depend on each other and ultimately human dependence on this interlocking system.
Many species of endangered animals, most of which are predators, are dwindling due to conflicts with humans. We kill predators all over the world because we fear for our own lives as well as pets and cattle as we compete with them for prey and destroy their habitats our communities and our agricultural operations.
Take for example, the impact of human intervention on the gray wolf and the effects of dwindling populations on its environment and biodiversity. Prior to the United States’ genocide efforts that wiped out wolves in the first half of the 20th century; wolves kept increasing numbers of other animals. They hunt elk, deer and geese, and kill smaller animals such as coyotes, raccoons and beavers.
If one type of food web ceases to exist, one or more organs may end up in the rest of the chain. This is evidenced by the many living examples that exist around us, and then the extinction of animals is the extinction of all mankind. Within the highly complex food web of ecosystem components, the extinction of one species leads to the extinction of others, changes in vegetation, as well as many climate changes, which in turn negatively affect human life.


What if the insects are extinct?

What if the insects are extinct?

What if the insects are extinct?

Apart from the disgust and discomfort that insects may cause us from time to time, some species pose serious threats to human life. Insects are the primary source of deadly viral and bacterial diseases such as yellow fever, dengue, malaria, and others, which affect millions of people every year and kill thousands. It is also the main cause of the destruction of various crops. An estimated 300 billion riyals of annual crop damage is caused by insect damage. Farmers around the world consume nearly two million tons of chemical pesticides each year in an effort to overcome this problem, which could have serious consequences for crops and our health as well.
So it seems at first glance that the disappearance of insects will save us a lot of trouble and protect us from many pests. But let us take a closer look at this idea, what are the negative effects that will result from the disappearance of insects from our lives?
Organisms feed on each other according to what is known as the food chain. This series is critical for the stability of life on Earth. An imbalance could mean a complete collapse of the entire food system. Plants, for example, produce energy and food by absorbing and interacting with sunlight, while insects feed on plants and benefit from the energy inherent in their leaves, while many species of lizards and birds rely on insects in their food, so we can say that insects represent a link Between different types and orders of living things. Their disappearance therefore puts many organisms at risk of extinction
The vast majority of plants depend on organisms shared by the environment for their reproduction by using them as a means of transporting pollen from one flower to another. But the most efficient organisms to transport pollen granules are insects, especially bees, bedding, beetles, and wasps. If the insects disappear, it means that the pollination process of the flowering plants is completely disrupted, and therefore the extinction of their species. All the fruits and vegetables that we consume permanently depend on pollination on one or two species of these insects, or 50% to 90% of our daily diet. Their extinction will cause not only our extinction as humans, but the extinction of all animals that feed on these crops.
The insect of extinction is not entirely fictional. Many of our rational use of harmful chemical pesticides today, and a slow reduction of harmful carbon emissions, could soon overshadow insects, and thus the future of human life. So the question we have to look for is, “What can we do to keep the insects from extinction?”

What would happen if mosquitoes went extinct?

What would happen if mosquitoes went extinct?
As you sit comfortably on your chair trying to get a little quiet, you hear a sound coming from afar and then this sound is slowly approaching to discover after a while it is a mosquito, and not to notice of course put her legs on your skin, and then absorb some blood to find yourself involuntarily trying Struggling with dimensions or elimination… But unfortunately, the time is over and hit you with some bruises that will certainly bother you a lot! To ponder a little and then wonder what if all kinds of mosquitoes are extinct from this planet?! What if the entire mosquito flocks wiped out and the world was completely free of them?!

Mosquitoes are a family of winged insects whose females absorb human blood and are the most common blood-sucking insects.

In the beginning we will tell you that the extinction of mosquitoes in a comprehensive way to eliminate about 3500 species of mosquitoes, and this number, of course, is the number of mosquito species we currently know, and of those thousands of mosquito species there are only a few hundred species attack and bite humans, including three species We can add yellow fever, dengue, Japanese encephalitis, Rift Valley fever, Chikungunya virus, and West Nile virus.

Mosquitoes have positive and negative effects on the ecosystem. If we talk about the useful part of its role, mosquito larvae live in the water and provide food to fish and other animals, and the larvae themselves eat microorganisms in the water, which helps to recycle, and adult mosquitoes are part of the diet of some insect-eating animals, Like birds, bats, dragonflies and spiders. They also help to pollinate some flowers, when they consume nectar.

But mosquitoes also have a destructive role. Mosquitoes do not cause disease; they act as carriers and carriers. They feed on a person or animal that is already infected, and then when they bite another healthy person or animal, they pass it on.

Let’s go back to our main topic about mosquito extinction or complete eradication. To answer this question we will go a little to some scientists who have studied a number of possible ways to kill mosquitoes, and suggested among these possible ways genetic method; Making mosquitoes produce more males than females, and by continuing that process with each new generation that emerges, which is primarily by the majority of males, those species will eventually become self-limiting. Only males do not reproduce, eventually leading to their extinction. To create a genetically modified mosquito, the researchers used the enzyme that affects the X chromosome during sperm production.

But is this really the solution?! Mosquitoes have been living on this planet for more than 100 million years and have become an important part of the food chain.

Scientists have found that if there is a way or way to eliminate mosquitoes once and for all, it will create a clear absence in the environment. Let us take, for example the Arctic tundra. Many of the mosquito species found there are very abundant and in turn, provide food for migratory birds. If these mosquitoes are eliminated, some birds in that area will drop by more than half says entomologist Bruce Harrison. Some scientists also predict that a similar fate awaits many fish species around the world, and most animals need to adapt to the new diet to survive, but this scenario will be particularly difficult for fish such as Mosquitofish.

In fact, if mosquitoes disappear, the insects and fish they feed on will dwindle and can have a multiplier effect throughout the food chain. Mosquito larvae are very important in the aquatic environment. The loss of this food source causes their numbers to decline and is a major source of spiders, salamanders, lizards, and frogs.

Humans overestimate the Arctic bargains as a more important source of nutrients, and some other scientists also predict that while some animals will starve, this will not cause disaster and most will eventually adapt. The other prey will take its place quickly and other organisms will take over and life will continue without mosquito-borne diseases. Malaria, for example, kills about one million people a year and makes another 246 million sick every year.

The disappearance of mosquitoes will put an end to 246 million cases of the disease every year. It will also end the killing of one million people a year on the planet, but on the other hand, when it disappears, it will kill a huge number of birds and insects, then fish, and then animals, and eventually it will affect us. One way or another, what do you think would you agree to eliminate the annoying mosquitoes once and for all.

What If All The Bees Died off?

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What Happens If All The Bees Die?


For some people, bees are simply an irritant. They drone around, crawl inside soda bottles, follow people in the street and sometimes even sting. If you’re unlucky enough to be allergic, bees can really be a lethal threat.

In the world, there are about 20,000 species of bees, and they are the most important insect pollinators. The thousands of bee varieties have unique flight patterns and floral preferences and some have coevolved with flowers in such a way that their body sizes and behaviors almost perfectly complement the flowers they pollinate.

Sadly, the number of bees of all types are in decline worldwide, as are several other insects. The honeybee has suffered greatly from colony collapse disorder, in which swarms suddenly lose their adult members. Populations of bumblebees and other solitary bees have steeply decreased in many places, considerably because of insecticide and herbicide use, habitat loss, and global warming. Some varieties such as the rusty patched bumblebee, are also listed as endangered species.

If all of the world’s bees died, there would be major effects throughout ecosystems. A number of plants such as many of the bee orchids are pollinated particularly by specific bees, and they would die without human intervention. 

This would alter the composition of their habitats and affect the food webs because they are part of and would likely trigger additional extinctions or declines of dependent organisms. Other plants may use a variety of pollinators, but many are most successfully pollinated by these bees. Without them, bees would set fewer seeds and would have lower reproductive success. This too would modify ecosystems. Beyond plants, many animals such as the beautiful bee-eater birds would lose their prey in the case of a die-off, and this would also affect natural systems and food webs.

In the domain agriculture, the loss of bees would dramatically remodel human food systems but would not likely lead to famine. The majority of human calories still come from cereal, which is wind-pollinated and are therefore unaffected by bee populations. 

Many fruits and vegetables, however, are insect-pollinated and couldn’t be grown at such a large scale, or so cheaply, without bees. For example, Blueberries and cherries, rely on honeybees for up to 90%of their pollination. Although hand-pollination is a probability for most fruit and vegetable crops, it is incredibly labor-intensive and so expensive. Japan uses the tiny robotic pollinator drones have been developed but remain prohibitively expensive for entire orchards or fields of time-sensitive flowers. 

Without bees, the availability, and diversity of fresh produce would decline largely, also, human nutrition would likely suffer. Crops that wouldn’t be cost-effective to hand- or robot-pollinate would likely be lost or persist only with the dedication of human hobbyists.


What if animals had a brain?

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What if animals had a brain?
Animals are expendable organisms that cannot make their own food. There are between 9-10 million species, of which only 800 000 species are identified, and some in freshwater. The land contains the lowest number of animal species and animals vary in size. There are micro-organisms, whose body consists of a few cells, and animals are weighing many tons, such as the blue whale. Most animals are side-by-side, few are radically identical, and primitive animals are asymmetric.  But What if animals had a brain?

It is, however, very difficult to make a speculative conjecture, as the defining characteristic for determining and measuring intelligence from one species to another is usually obtained by comparing the overall brain/body mass ratio. However, since you said that they were just “as smart” and not sensitive or intelligent, I suppose that would leave us relatively unaffected in some cases.

To answer this question we need to think about the selective pressure on wildlife: encroaching on their territory, reducing their habitat and food sources, pollution of the environment, hunting, trapping, etc. The wildlife that survives is so great that you have to be smarter and smarter. That they can think as we do enough to cope with the pressures we have imposed on them.
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what would happen if all animals were as smart as us?

Large brains correspond to higher energy requirements, especially for endothermic organisms such as mammals and birds. Evolution has always been a kind of “arms race”, intelligence being one of the most sought after weapons. Predators learn better hunting tactics and prey learn new defensive strategies such as counterattacks using numbers.

Predators would need to hunt much more frequently than today. There is a good chance that they end up competing with other predators with even more ferocity. Prey animals always tried to stay ahead of their predators to ensure their survival.

As for us; we might have ended up relatively untouched. As the only organisms to have conquered fire, which all animals tend to, fear instinctively, it could have provided us with some kind of survival advantage; confined to simply watching the shadows while the rest of the world leads a war of survival against hunters.