What is Coronavirus?

What is Coronavirus

What is Coronavirus?

Coronavirus is one of the most common viruses that cause nasal infections, sinuses, and sore throats. In most cases, it is not a serious infection except for the two types are known as the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and atypical pneumonia, or what is known as Severe acute respiratory syndrome. Of the 475 people killed due to respiratory syndrome in the Middle East, which first appeared in 2012 in Saudi Arabia and then in other countries in the Middle East, Africa, Asia and Europe. However, since 2015, there have been no further reports of severe acute respiratory syndrome cases.

The origin of Coronavirus

Coronavirus, the cause of respiratory syndrome in the Middle East, is a zoonotic virus. This means that it is a virus that is transmitted between animals and people. Some studies have shown that infection with the virus started through direct or indirect contact with infected camels, and some believe that the virus initially originated in bats, and later moved to camels, then from camels to humans.

Coronavirus infection symptoms 

Coronavirus causes symptoms similar to the common cold. Symptoms are usually mild to moderate in intensity. Often, they are symptoms of the upper respiratory tract such as the runny nose, headache, cough, sore throat, and fever. These symptoms often last for a while Short of time, and this does not prevent the possibility of coronavirus sometimes causing lower respiratory diseases, such as pneumonia or bronchitis, and these infections are more common in people who suffer from cardiovascular disease. Class, people with a weak immune system, infants, and the elderly.

Coronavirus diseases

Respiratory syndrome in the Middle East. 
People with the respiratory syndrome in the Middle East suffer from symptoms of a common cold in general, like most cases of coronavirus infection, in addition to the possibility of some suffering from diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. Kidney Failure), with 3 to 4 deaths among 10 people, and it is worth noting that patients with diabetes, cancer, chronic lung inflammation, heart disease, kidney disease and those with weakened immune systems are more likely to suffer from Fat syndrome, and more susceptible to the same syndrome. The incubation period of the SKV virus that causes respiratory syndrome in the Middle East is 5 or 6 days, but it can range from 2 to 14 days. Individuals infected with the respiratory syndrome that causes the Middle East respiratory syndrome often receive medical care to help relieve symptoms. In severe cases, treatment includes support for the functions of vital body systems.

Atypical pneumonia

Atypical pneumonia, or SARS, is a contagious, sometimes fatal, respiratory disease. SARS first appeared in China in 2002, and within a few months, SARS was spread throughout most of the world by travelers, and symptoms of chills include muscle pain, and diarrhea, and cold symptoms such as dry cough and shortness of breath may appear about a week after infection, and the condition can develop and cause complications such as pneumonia, respiratory failure, and heart and liver failure. The elderly, especially those who suffer from chronic diseases such as diabetes or hepatitis, are more likely to have serious complications.

Coronavirus spread methods

Coronavirus can be transmitted from the infected person to others through the following:
Air by coughing and sneezing. Personal contact like touching or shaking hands. Touching contaminated surfaces and then touching the mouth, nose, or eyes before washing hands. Fecal contamination, which is rare.

Corona infection prevention

There are currently no vaccines to protect against infection with the Coronavirus, but the risk of infection can be reduced by doing the following:
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water.
  • Avoid touching the eyes, nose, or mouth if the hands are washed.
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • The affected person stays at home so that he does not spread the infection to others.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, then throw it in the trash and wash your hands.
  • Surface cleaning and disinfection. Follow hygiene measures, including washing hands regularly before and after touching animals, and avoid contact with sick animals.
  • Avoid consuming raw or uncooked animal products, including milk and meat, because consuming them increases the chance of infection, and for camel milk and meat it can be eaten but after pasteurization, cooking, or other thermal treatments.

Corona Virus Treatment

There are no specific treatments for diseases caused by the Coronavirus, and most people who suffer from a Coronavirus infection automatically recover. The following treatments may help relieve symptoms:
Use a room humidifier or hot shower to help relieve sore throats and coughs. Take pain and fever medication. Drink plenty of fluids. Stay home and rest.

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